Dielectric Precursors-NEW

$8,599.00

• Provides market and technical trend information on organic and inorganic precursors, addressing CVD, ALD, and SOD applications including ILDs & low-κ dielectrics, hard masks, sidewall spacers and etch stop layers
• Provides focused information for supply-chain managers, process integration and R&D directors, as well as business development and financial analysts
• Covers information about key suppliers, issues/trends in the material supply chain, estimates on supplier market share, and forecast for the material segments

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Description

Click here for a PDF download of the full table of contents

1  Executive Summary   20
 1.1 Precursors Market Forecasts & 5-Year CAGRs	                20
 1.2 Technical Drivers/Material Changes and Transitions	        23
 1.3 Leading Edge Logic	                                        23
 1.4 EQUIPMENT Market Trends	                                23
 1.5 Analyst Assessment	                                        27
 1.6 Opportunities for Suppliers	                        30
2  Scope, Purpose, and Methodology  31
 2.1 Scope	                                                31
 2.2 Purpose	                                                31
 2.3 Methodology	                                        31
 2.4 Overview of Other TECHCET CMR™ Reports	                32
3  Market outlook	 33
 3.1 Semiconductor Industry Market Status & Outlook	        33
 3.2 Global Economy	                                        33
 3.2.1 Semiconductor Industries Ties to the Global Economy      34
 3.2.2 Semiconductor Sales Growth	                        35
 3.2.3 Taiwan Monthly Sales Trends	                        36
 3.2.4 Semiconductor Industry Outlook	                        36
 3.2.5 Semiconductor Units and Wafer Shipment Growth Forecast	37
 3.3 Electronic Goods Market	                                38
 3.3.1 Smartphones	                                        38
 3.3.2 PC Unit Shipments	                                39
 3.4 Automotive Sales	                                        40
 3.4.1 Automotive Sales and Impact on Semiconductor Sales	40
 3.4.2 Electric Vehicle (EV) Market Trends	                41
 3.4.3 Increase in Semiconductor Content for Autos	        42
 3.4.4 Semiconductor Content by Automotive Electronic System	43
 3.4.5 Servers / IT	                                        43
 3.5 Semiconductor Fabrication Growth & Expansion	        44
 3.5.1 Equipment Spending Trends	                        44
 3.5.2 Overall China Market Trends	                        47
 3.5.3 Policy & Trade Trends and Impact	                        49
 3.5.4 Policy and Trade Issues	                                49
 3.5.5 U.S. CHIPS Act	                                        50
 3.5.6 Other Semiconductor Funding Activity	                51
 3.6 Semiconductor Materials Outlook	                        51
 3.6.1 Wafer Start Growth	                                52
 3.6.2 Materials Forecast	                                53
4  Semiconductor precursors market trends  55
 4.1 Advanced dielectric and spin on Dielectric precursors	56
 4.2 Sub-Tier Material Trends	                                57
 4.3 Technical Drivers / Material Changes and Transitions	59
 4.4 Leading-Edge Logic	                                        59
 4.5 DRAM	                                                64
 4.6 3DNAND	                                                66
 4.7 Emerging Memory Devices	                                68
 4.8 China Status in Memory and Logic	                        69
 4.9 Trends/impact/status of legacy materials	                70
 4.9.1 Comment on Regional Trends/Drivers	                72
 4.10 EHS and Logistic Issues	                                73
 4.10.1	Tungsten	                                        73
 4.10.2	Titanium	                                        74
 4.10.3	Zirconium and Hafnium	                                74
 4.10.4	Cobalt	                                                75
 4.10.5	Ruthenium	                                        76
 4.10.6	Logic Production Energy demand and 
        Green House Gas emissions	                        76
 4.10.7	Changes in standard packaging/valve types	        78
 4.11 CVD / ALD Equipment	                                79
 4.12 Literature review and IP filing for
      new metallization – Mo and Ru	                        85
5  Precursors Market Forecast & Market Shares	62
 5.1 Fab Material Supply/Demand -Dielectric Precursors	        91
 5.1.1 Dielectric Precursors - Market Forecast	                92
 5.1.2 Dielectrics Precursors Market Shares	                93
 5.1.1 Dielectrics Precursors Regional Shares	                94
 5.2 M&A Activity	                                        95
 5.2.1 Summary of recent M&A´s	                                95
 5.2.2 Impact of M&A on market leaders	                        96
 5.2.3 Linde-Praxair	                                        96
 5.2.4 Versum Materials takeover deal by Merck KGaA	        97
 5.2.5 2021 - Ascensus acquires a global leader 
       in high-purity specialty chemicals and 
       CVD/ALD precursors Strem Chemicals, Inc.Passt M&A	98
 5.2.6 Mitsubishi Chemical America Inc. takeover of Gelest Inc.	98
 5.2.7 2018/2019 - MPD Chemicals acquires Norquay Technology 
       and then gets acquired by Entegris in addition 
       to previously buying DSC.	                        99
 5.2.8 OEM M&A activity in the CVD and ALD Segment	        99
 5.2.8.1 Applied Materials Kokusai takeover	                99
 5.3 Regional Market Dynamics - New Plants or Entrants	        100
 5.3.1 South Korea	                                        100
 5.3.2 Taiwan	                                                100
 5.3.3 USA	                                                101
 5.4 EU and The UK	                                        101
 5.5 Plant Closures and Product Discontinuations	        101
 5.6 New Entrants- no new entrants	                        101
 5.7 Suppliers or parts/product line that is at risk
     of discontinuations – none to report at this time	        101
 5.8 Pricing Trends	                                        101
6  SUB TIER MATERIAL SUPPLY CHAIN	103 
 6.1 Raw Material Sources	                                103
 6.2 Raw Supply Chain Disruptions	                        103
 6.2.1 COVID-19	105
 6.3 M&A Activity	                                        106
 6.4 Raw Material EHS and Logistics Issues	                106
 6.5 New entrants	                                        106
7  Supplier profiles  107 
7.1.  ADEKA Corporation  107
 7.1.1 ADEKA CORPORATION - Company Overview	                107
 7.1.2 ADEKA CORPORATION -Business Segments	                108
 7.1.3 ADEKA CORPORATION - News	                                109
 7.1.4 ADEKA CORPORATION - Regions Served	                111
 7.1.5 ADEKA CORPORATION - Key Customers	                111
 7.1.6 ADEKA CORPORATION - Financial Overview	                111
 7.1.7 ADEKA CORPORATION - Manufacturing Locations, 
       Capabilities, and Certifications	                        112
 7.1.8 Sales Reps and Distributors	                        113
 7.1.9 TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        114
7.2.  Air Liquide (Maker, Purifier, Supplier)  114
 7.2.1 Air Liquide - Company Overview	                        114
 7.2.2 Air Liquide - Business Segments	                        115
 7.2.3 Air Liquide - News	                                115
 7.2.4 Air Liquide – Financial Overview	                        115
 7.2.5 Air Liquide - Manufacturing Locations, 
       Capabilities, and Certifications	                        116
 7.2.6 JVs and Partnerships	                                117
 7.2.7 Sales Reps	                                        117
 7.2.8 TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        117
7.3.  AZmax Co., Ltd  118
 7.3.1 AZmax Co., Ltd. - Company Overview	                118
 7.3.2 AZmax Co., Ltd.-Business Segments	                118
 7.3.3 Azmax Co., Ltd. – Regions Served                 	119
 7.3.4 Azmax Co., Ltd.- Fiscal Year Financial Overview	        119
 7.3.5 AZmax Co., Ltd.- Manufacturing Locations,
       Capabilities, and Certifications	                        119
 7.3.6 JVs and Partnerships	                                119
 7.3.7 Sales Reps and Distributors	                        119
 7.3.8 TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        119
7.4.  DNF Co., Ltd	120
 7.4.1 DNF Co., Ltd - Company Overview	                        120
 7.4.2 DNF Co., Ltd -Business Segments
       – all electronics materials	                        120
 7.4.3 DNF Co., Ltd -News	                                121
 7.4.4 DNF Co., Ltd -Regions Served	                        121
 7.4.5 DNF Co., Ltd -Key Customers	                        121
 7.4.6 Fiscal Year Financial Overview	                        121
 7.4.7 DNF Co., Ltd -JVs and Partnerships	                123
 7.4.8 DNF Co., Ltd -Sales Reps and Distributors	        123
 7.4.9 DNF Co., Ltd -TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                123
7.5.  Entegris	124
 7.5.1 Entegris - Company Overview	                        124
 7.5.2 ENTEGRIS - Business Segments	                        124
 7.5.3 ENTEGRIS- News                                     	126
 7.5.4 ENTEGRIS - Regions Served	                        126
 7.5.5 ENTEGRIS- Key Customers	                                126
 7.5.6 ENTEGRIS- Fiscal Year Financial Overview	                126
 7.5.7 ENTEGRIS- Manufacturing Locations, 
       Capabilities, and Certifications	                        127
 7.5.8 JVs and Partnerships	                                128
 7.5.9 Sales Reps and Distributors	                        128
 7.5.10	TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        128
7.6.  Epivalence	129
 7.6.1 EpiValence Ltd. - Company Overview	                129
 7.6.2 EpiValence Ltd.-Business Segments	                130
 7.6.3 EpiValence Ltd.- News	                                131
 7.6.4 EpiValence Ltd.- Regions Served	                        131
 7.6.5 EpiValence Ltd.- Key Customers	                        131
 7.6.6 EpiValence Ltd - Fiscal Year Financial Overview	        131
 7.6.7 EpiValence Ltd - Manufacturing Locations, 
       Capabilities, and Certifications	                        132
 7.6.8 JVs and Partnerships	                                132
 7.6.9 Sales Reps and Distributors	                        132
 7.6.10	TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        132
7.7.  Gelest – Mitsubishi Chemicals	132
 7.7.1 Gelest Inc. -  Company Overview	                        132
 7.7.2 Gelest Inc – Business Segments.	                        133
 7.7.3 Gelest Inc. – News	                                134
 7.7.4 Gelest Inc.- Regions Served	                        135
 7.7.5 Gelest Inc. - Fiscal Year Financial Overview	        135
 7.7.6 Gelest Inc. - Manufacturing Locations, 
       Capabilities, and Certifications	                        135
 7.7.7 JVs and Partnerships	                                136
 7.7.8 Sales Reps and Distributors	                        136
 7.7.9 TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        137
7.8.  Hansol Chemical	137
 7.8.1 Hansol Chemical - Company Overview	                137
 7.8.2 Hansol Chemical - Business Segments	                138
 7.8.3 Hansol ALD/CVD Products	                                138
 7.8.4 Hansol Chemical - News	                                138
 7.8.5 Hansol Chemical - Regions Served	                        139
 7.8.6 Hansol Chemical - Key Customers	                        139
 7.8.7 Hansol Chemical - Fiscal Year Financial Overview   	140
 7.8.8 Hansol Chemical - Manufacturing Locations, 
       Capabilities, and Certifications                  	140
 7.8.9 Hansol Chemical - JVs and Partnerships	                141
 7.8.10 Hansol Chemical- Sales Reps and Distributors	        141
 7.8.11	TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        142
7.9.  H.C. Starck (sub-tier supplier)	142
 7.9.1 HC Stark-Company Overview	                        142
 7.9.2 HC Stark -Business Segments	                        143
 7.9.3 HC Stark -Recent News	                                145
 7.9.4 HC Stark -Regions Served	                                146
 7.9.5 HC Stark -Financial Overview	                        146
 7.9.6 HC Stark -Manufacturing Locations,
       Capabilities, and Certifications	                        146
 7.9.7 JVs and Partnerships	                                147 
 7.9.8 Sales Reps	                                        148
 7.9.9 TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        149
7.10.  Kojundo Chemical Laboratory	149
 7.10.1	Kojundo - Company Overview	                        149
 7.10.2	Kojundo -Business Segments	                        150
 7.10.3	Kojundo - News                            	        152
 7.10.4	Kojundo– Regions Served                          	153
 7.10.5	Kojundo - Key Customers	                                153
 7.10.6	Kojundo - Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                153
 7.10.7	TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        154
7.11.  Linde (Maker, Purifier, Supplier)	154
 7.11.1	Linde- Company Overview	                                154
 7.11.2	Linde-Business Segments	                                156
 7.11.3	Linde- News	                                        158
 7.11.4	Linde - Key Customers	                                159
 7.11.5	Linde -  Regions Served	                                159
 7.11.6	Linde- Fiscal Year Financial Overview	                159
 7.11.7	Linde- Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                159
 7.11.8	JVs and Partnerships	                                160
 7.11.9	Sales Reps and Distributors - Linde	                161
 7.11.10 TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        161
7.12.  Mecaro	162
 7.12.1	Mecaro- Company Overview	                        162
 7.12.2	Business Segments	                                162
 7.12.3	News	                                                163
 7.12.4	Regions Served	                                        163
 7.12.5	Key Customers	                                        163
 7.12.6	Fiscal Year Financial Overview (KRW)	                164
 7.12.7	Manufacturing Locations, Capabilities, 
        and Certifications	                                164
 7.12.8	JVs and Partnerships	                                166
 7.12.9	Sales Reps and Distributors	                        167
 7.12.10 TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        167
7.13.  EMD Electronics/Merck EMD (for old profile Versum products see Sec.26)	168
 7.13.1	Merck KGaA / EMD- Company Overview	                168
 7.13.2	Merck KGaA / EMD - Business Segments	                168
 7.13.3	Merck KGaA / EMD – Financial Overview	                169
 7.13.4	Merck KGaA / EMD - News	                                170
 7.13.5	Merck KGaA / EMD - Key Customers	                170
 7.13.6	Merck KGaA / EMD - Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                171
 7.13.7	JVs and Partnerships	                                173 
 7.13.8	Sales Reps and Distributors	                        173
 7.13.9	TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        175
7.14.  Nanmat	176
 7.14.1	Nanmat -Company Overview	                        176
 7.14.2	Nanmat -Business Segments	                        176
 7.14.3	Nanmat - News	                                        177
 7.14.4	Nanmat -Regions Served	                                178
 7.14.5	Nanmat -Key Customers	                                178
 7.14.6	Nanmat -Financial Overview	                        178
 7.14.7	Nanmat -Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                178
 7.14.8	Nanmat -JVs and Partnerships	                        179
 7.14.9	Nanmat -Sales Reps	                                179
 7.14.10 Nanmat - TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                179
7.15.  Norquay (old profile, integrated in MPD and aquired by Entegris)	180
 7.15.1	Norquay - Company Overview	                        180
 7.15.2	Norquay - Business Segments	                        180
 7.15.3	Norquay - News	                                        182
 7.15.4	Norquay - Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                183
 7.15.5	Norquay - JVs and Partnerships	                        183
 7.15.6	Norquay - Sales Reps	                                183
 7.15.7	Norquay - TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                184
7.16.  Pegasus Chemicals	184
 7.16.1 Pegasus Chemicals - Company Overview	                184
 7.16.2	Pegasus Chemicals - Business Segments	                184
 7.16.3	Pegasus Chemicals - News	                        189
 7.16.4	Pegasus Chemicals - Regions Served	                190
 7.16.5	Pegasus Chemicals - Financial Overview	                190
 7.16.6	Pegasus Chemicals - Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                190
 7.16.7	Pegasus Chemicals - JVs and Partnerships	        190
 7.16.8	Pegasus Chemicals - Sales Reps	                        191
 7.16.9	Pegasus Chemicals -  TECHCET Analyst Assessment	        191
7.17.  Soulbrain	191
 7.17.1	Soulbrain- Company Overview	                        191
 7.17.2	Soulbrain -Business Segments	                        192
 7.17.3	Soulbrain -News	                                        193
 7.17.4	Soulbrain -Regions Served	                        194
 7.17.5	Soulbrain -Key Customers	                        194
 7.17.6	Fiscal Year Financial Overview                        	194
 7.17.7	Soulbrain -Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                194
 7.17.8	Soulbrain -JVs and Partnerships	                        195
 7.17.9	Soulbrain - Sales Reps and Distributors	                196
 7.17.10 Soulbrain -TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                196
7.18.  Strem	197
 7.18.1	Strem - Company Overview	                        197
 7.18.2	Strem - Products	                                197
 7.18.3	Strem - News	                                        198
 7.18.4	Strem -Regions Served	                                199
 7.18.5	Strem -Key Customers	                                199
 7.18.6	Strem - Financial Overview	                        199
 7.18.7	Strem - Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                199
 7.18.8	Strem -JVs and Partnerships	                        200
 7.18.9	Strem -Sales Reps	                                200
 7.18.10 Strem -TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                200
7.19.  Tanaka Kikinzoku Group	201
 7.19.1	Tanaka Kikinzoku Group - Company Overview	        201
 7.19.2	Tanaka Kikinzoku Group -Business Segments	        201
 7.19.3	Tanaka Kikinzoku Group - News	                        202
 7.19.4	Tanaka Kikinzoku Group - Regions Served	                203
 7.19.5	Tanaka Kikinzoku Group - Key Customers	                203
 7.19.6	Tanaka Holdings - Fiscal Year Financial Overview	203
 7.19.7	Tanaka Kikinzoku Group - Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                204
 7.19.8	Tanaka Kikinzoku Group - JVs and Partnerships	        205
 7.19.9	Tanaka Kikinzoku Group - Sales Reps and Distributors	205
 7.19.10 Tanaka Kikinzoku Group - TECHCET Analyst Assessment	206
7.20.  Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.	206
 7.20.1	TCI - Company Overview	                                206
 7.20.2	TCI-Business Segments	                                207
 7.20.3	TCI- News	                                        207
 7.20.4	TCI - Regions Served	                                208
 7.20.5	TCI- Fiscal Year Financial Overview	                208
 7.20.6	TCI- Manufacturing Locations, Capabilities,
        and Certifications	                                208
 7.20.7	TCI-JVs and Partnerships	                        208
 7.20.8	TCI-Sales Reps and Distributors	                        209
 7.20.9	TCI-TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        209
7.21.  Tri Chemical Laboratories	209
 7.21.1 Tri Chemical Laboratories Inc.- Company Overview	209
 7.21.2	Tri Chemical Laboratories Inc.-Business Segments	209
 7.21.3	Tri Chemical Laboratories Inc.- News	                211
 7.21.4	Tri Chemical Laboratories Inc. - Regions Served	        211
 7.21.5	Tri Chemical Laboratories Inc.- Key Customers	        211
 7.21.6	Tri Chemical Laboratories Inc.- Financial Overview	211
 7.21.7	Tri Chemical Laboratories Inc.- Manufacturing 
        Locations, Capabilities, and Certifications	        211
 7.21.8	Tri Chemical Laboratories Inc.- JVs and Partnerships	212
 7.21.9	Tri Chemical Laboratories Inc.
        - Sales Reps and Distributors	                        212
 7.21.10 Tri Chemical Laboratories Inc.
         - TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                        212
7.22.  Umicore	213
 7.22.1	Umicore - Company Overview	                        213
 7.22.2	Umicore - Business Segments	                        213
 7.22.3	Umicore  - News                                  	214 
 7.22.4	Umicore - Regions Served	                        215
 7.22.5	Umicore - Key Customers	                                215
 7.22.6	Umicore - Financial Overview	                        216
 7.22.7	Umicore  - JVs and Partnerships	                        218
 7.22.8	Umicore  - Sales Reps	                                218
 7.22.9	Umicore  - TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                218
7.23.  UP Chemical/ Yoke (China HQ)	219
 7.23.1	UP Chemical- Company Overview	                        219
 7.23.2	UP Chemical- Business Segments	                        219
 7.23.3	UP Chemical- News	                                220
 7.23.4	UP Chemical - Key Customers	                        220
 7.23.5	UP Chemical- Regions Served	                        220
 7.23.6	UP Chemical- Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                220
 7.23.7	UP Chemical- JVs and Partnerships	                221
 7.23.8	UP Chemical- Client/Partners	                        222
 7.23.9	UP Chemical- Sales Reps and Distributors	        222
 7.23.10 UP Chemical- TECHCET Analyst Assessment	        223
7.24.  VERSUM (Maker, Purifier, Supplier) - OLD Profile, now MERCK	223
 7.24.1	Versum - Company Overview	                        223
 7.24.2	VERSUM - Business Segments	                        224
 7.24.3	VERSUM- Financial Overview	                        224
 7.24.4	VERSUM -  News	                                        225
 7.24.5	VERSUM- Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                226
 7.24.6	VERSUM- JVs and Partnerships	                        226
 7.24.7	VERSUM- Sales Reps and Distributors	                226
 7.24.8	VERSUM- TECHCET Analyst Assessment	                227
7.25.  Wonik Materials Co. Ltd.	228
 7.25.1	Wonik Materials - Company Overview	                228
 7.25.2	Wonik Materials - Business Segments	                228
 7.25.3	Wonik Materials - News	                                231
 7.25.4	Wonik Materials - Regions Served	                232
 7.25.5	Wonik Materials - Key Customers	                        232
 7.25.6	Wonik Materials - Financial Overview	                232
 7.25.7	Wonik Materials - Manufacturing Locations, 
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                233
 7.25.8	Wonik Materials - JVs and Partnerships	                235
 7.25.9	Wonik Materials - Sales Reps and Distributors	        235
 7.25.10 Wonik Materials - TECHCET Analyst Assessment	        235
7.26.  Zillion Tek Co., Ltd	236
 7.26.1	Zillion Tek - Company Overview	                        236
 7.26.2	Zillion Tek -Business Segments	                        236
 7.26.3	Zillion Tek - News	                                238
 7.26.4	Zillion Tek - Regions Served	                        239
 7.26.5	Zillion Tek - Key Customers	                        239
 7.26.6	Zillion Tek - Financial Overview	                239
 7.26.7	Zillion Tek - Manufacturing Locations,
        Capabilities, and Certifications	                239
 7.26.8	Zillion Tek - Sales Reps and Distributors	        240
 7.26.9	Zillion Tek - TECHCET Analyst Assessment	        240
8. APENDIX 1- FUNDAMENTALS OF THIN FILM DEPOSITION BY CVD, ALD, AND SOD, AND ASD AND ALE	241
 8.1 Chemical Vapor Deposition - CVD	                        242
 8.2 Atomic Layer Deposition – ALD	                        244
 8.3 Spin-on Dielectrics (SOD)	                                246
 8.4 Atomic Layer Etching (ALE)	                                246
 8.5 Area Selective Deposition (ASD)	                        248
9. APPENDIX 2 LOGIC AND MEMORY TECHNOLOGIES AND ROADMAPS	250
 9.1.1 Multi-patterning & EUV Lithography	                250
 9.1.2 Interconnect Trends	                                260
 9.1.2.1 Copper Interconnect	                                261
 9.1.2.2 Cobalt interconnects, liners, and caps	                262
 9.1.2.3 Ruthenium Interconnects	                        267
 9.1.2.4 High-aspect-ratio ruthenium power rails	        268
 9.1.2.5 Manganese Barrier Metal	                        271
 9.1.3 Logic Transistor Evolution	                        271
 9.1.3.1 5 nm and beyond	                                277
 9.1.3.2 Extending FinFET to Horizontal Nanowires GAA FETs	278
 9.1.3.3 Realizing vertical Logic - Going vertical (2.5/3D)	283
 9.1.4 Memory Evolution & Future Trends	                        286
 9.1.4.1 DRAM	                                                287
 9.1.4.2 2D to 3DNAND transition	                        293
 9.1.4.3 Alternative NVM Technologies	                        296
 9.1.4.3.1 3D XPoint	                                        296
 9.1.4.3.2 Ferroelectric FRAM and FeFET	                        297
 9.1.4.3.3 Emerging Negative Capacitance Devices:	        299
10.  APPENDIX 3 - ACRONYMS	302

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